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BREVARD COUNTY FLORIDA

2002 BIRD CHECKLIST

This list was compiled from 1983 to
2002 from observations by the
members of the Indian River Audubon
Society and other qualified birders.

This list is in accordance with the
1998 edition of the AOU Checklist
and its supplement in 2000.

ABUNDANCE CODES
C - Common - Present in large numbers or
wide-spread. Certain to be seen in the right habitat.

U - Uncommon - Present in lower numbers
or local in distribution. Should be seen with
reasonable effort in the right habitat.

O - Occasional - Present in small numbers or
local in distribution. Not expected to be
seen without special effort.

R - Rare - In range but not expected to be
seen every year. When present, usually in
very low numbers or are secretive or are
hard to identify.

Accid’l - Accidental - Either very
rare or out of their normal range.

Unknown - Status not yet determined.

Abundance codes are not uniform across seasons.
For example, most ducks are scarce
in early fall (September) but are common in
late fall (November).

SEASONS AND SYMBOLS
S - March to May
S - June to August
F - September to November
W - December to February
* - Nests in Brevard County
(OS) Seen off shore of Atlantic coast
ADDITIONAL SPECIES

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TOTAL SPECIES _______

Name(s) ______________________

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Date _________________________

Time _________________________

Location_______________________

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Weather_______________________

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Comments_____________________

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2002 by the Indian River Audubon Society
P.O. Box 1741
Cocoa FL 32923
www.indianriveraudubon.org/

Space Coast Birding
Space Coast Birding & Wildlife Festival


LOONS
S S F W
R - R R ___Red-throated Loon
R - O C ___Common Loon
GREBES
C U C C ___Pied-billed Grebe*
O - O U ___Horned Grebe
Accid’l ___Eared Grebe
SHEARWATER, STORM-PETRELS

O U
___Cory’s Shearwater (OS)
R O R
___Greater Shearwater (OS)
Accid’l ___Sooty Shearwater (OS)
Accid’l ___Manx Shearwater (OS)
- O O - ___Audubon’s Shearwater (OS)
O U O - ___Wilson’s Storm-Petrel (OS)
Accid’l ___Band-rumped St-Petrel (OS)
TROPICBIRD, GANNET, BOOBIES, PELICANS,
CORMORANTS, ANHINGA, FRIGATEBIRD
R R R - ___White-tailed Tropicbird (OS)
O - O U ___Northern Gannet
- R R - ___Masked Booby (OS)
R R R R ___Brown Booby (OS)
O R U U ___American White Pelican
C C C C ___Brown Pelican*
C C C C ___Double-crested Cormorant*
Accid’l ___Great Cormorant
C C C C ___Anhinga*
R O O R ___Magnificent Frigatebird
HERONS, EGRETS, BITTERNS, IBIS,
SPOONBILL, STORK, VULTURES
C C C C ___Great Blue Heron*
Accid’l ___"Great White Heron"
C C C C ___Great Egret*
O O U U ___Reddish Egret*
C C C C ___Tricolored Heron*
C C C C ___Little Blue Heron*
C C C C ___Snowy Egret*
C C C C ___Cattle Egret*
U U U U ___Green Heron*
U U U U ___Black-crowned Night-Heron*
O O O O ___Yellow-crowned Night-Heron*
U U O O ___Least Bittern*
R - O O ___American Bittern
C C C C ___White Ibis*
U U U U ___Glossy Ibis*
O U O R ___Roseate Spoonbill*
U U U U ___Wood Stork*
C C C C ___Black Vulture*
C C C C ___Turkey Vulture*
S S F W
FLAMINGO
S S F W
Accid’l ___Greater Flamingo
DUCKS, GEESE, SWAN
O O O R ___Fulvous Whistling-Duck
O O O O ___Black-bellied Whistling-Duck*
Accid’l ___Tundra Swan
Accid’l ___Greater White-fronted Goose
R - O R ___Snow Goose
Accid’l ___Ross’s Goose
- - - R ___Canada Goose
- - R R ___Brant
U U U U ___Wood Duck*
- - R R ___Eurasian Wigeon
U - C C ___American Wigeon
O - U U ___Gadwall
O - U U ___Green-winged Teal
R - O O ___Mallard
C C C C ___Mottled Duck*
- - R O ___American Black Duck
U - C C ___Northern Pintail
Accid’l ___White-cheeked Pintail
C O C C ___Blue-winged Teal
Accid’l ___Cinnamon Teal
U - C C ___Northern Shoveler
R - O O ___Canvasback
O - O U ___Redhead
R - O U ___Ring-necked Duck
R - O O ___Greater Scaup
U R C C ___Lesser Scaup
Accid’l ___Common Eider
Accid’l ___Harlequin Duck
- - R R ___Long-tailed Duck
R - R R ___Black Scoter
R - R R ___Surf Scoter
R - R R ___White-winged Scoter
- - R R ___Common Goldeneye
R - O O ___Bufflehead
O - C C ___Hooded Merganser
U R C C ___Red-breasted Merganser
Accid’l ___Common Merganser
U - O U ___Ruddy Duck
HAWKS, KITES, EAGLE, FALCONS
C C C C ___Osprey*
O O - - ___Swallow-tailed Kite*
Accid’l ___White-tailed Kite
Accid’l ___Snail Kite
Accid’l ___Mississippi Kite
O - U U ___Northern Harrier
O - U U ___Sharp-shinned Hawk
O R O O ___Cooper’s Hawk*
U U U U ___Bald Eagle*
C C C C ___Red-shouldered Hawk*
R - R R ___Broad-winged Hawk
Accid’l ___Short-tailed Hawk
- - R R ___Swainson’s Hawk
S S F W


S S F W
C C C C ___Red-tailed Hawk*
Accid’l ___Rough-legged Hawk
O O O O ___Crested Caracara*
O - C C ___American Kestrel
R - O O ___Merlin
R - O O ___Peregrine Falcon
TURKEY, BOBWHITE
R R R R ___Wild Turkey*
U U U U ___Northern Bobwhite*
RAILS, GALLINULES, COOTS, LIMPKIN, CRANES
Accid’l ___Yellow Rail
R R R R ___Black Rail*
O O O O ___Clapper Rail*
O O O O ___King Rail*
R - R O ___Virginia Rail
O - U U ___Sora
R R R R ___Purple Gallinule*
C C C C ___Common Moorhen*
C O C C ___American Coot*
R R R R ___Limpkin*
U U U U ___Sandhill Crane*
Introduced ___Whooping Crane
PLOVERS, OYSTERCATCHER,
STILT, AVOCET, SANDPIPERS
- - R R ___American Golden-Plover
C O C C ___Black-bellied Plover
O R U C ___Semipalmated Plover
R R R R ___Wilson’s Plover*
C C C C ___Killdeer*
O - O O ___Piping Plover
Accid’l ___Snowy Plover
O O O O ___American Oystercatcher*
C C U - ___Black-necked Stilt*
O - U U ___American Avocet
- - R R ___American Woodcock
O - U U ___Common Snipe
U O C C ___Short-billed Dowitcher
R - R R ___Long-billed Dowitcher
Accid’l ___Hudsonian Godwit
Accid’l ___Bar-tailed Godwit
O - O O ___Marbled Godwit
O - O O ___Whimbrel
R - R - ___Upland Sandpiper
C O C C ___Greater Yellowlegs
C O C C ___Lesser Yellowlegs
O - O R ___Solitary Sandpiper
O - U U ___Spotted Sandpiper
C C C C ___Willet*
C O C C ___Ruddy Turnstone
O R O O ___Red Knot
C O C C ___Sanderling
U O U - ___Semipalmated Sandpiper
C O C C ___Western Sandpiper
C O C C ___Least Sandpiper
S S F W
S S F W
R - R - ___White-rumped Sandpiper
Accid’l ___Baird’s Sandpiper
O R O R ___Pectoral Sandpiper
C R C C ___Dunlin
- - R R ___Purple Sandpiper
O R O O ___Stilt Sandpiper
Accid’l ___Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Accid’l ___Ruff
- R R - ___Wilson’s Phalarope
R - R R ___Red-necked Phalarope (OS)
R O O R ___Red Phalarope (OS)
JAEGERS, GULLS, TERNS, SKIMMER
O - O O ___Pomarine Jaeger (OS)
O - R R ___Parasitic Jaeger (OS)
C U C C ___Ring-billed Gull
U O C C ___Great Black-backed Gull
Accid’l ___Glaucous Gull
C O C C ___Herring Gull
- - R R ___Lesser Black-backed Gull
Accid’l ___Black-headed Gull
O - O C ___Bonaparte’s Gull
C C C C ___Laughing Gull*
Accid’l ___Franklin’s Gull
Accid’l ___Little Gull
Accid’l ___Sabine’s Gull
- - - R ___Black-legged Kittiwake
O O O R ___Gull-billed Tern*
U O U U ___Caspian Tern*
O R O O ___Sandwich Tern
C C C C ___Royal Tern*
Accid’l ___Roseate Tern
R - U R ___Common Tern (OS)
C O C C ___Forster’s Tern
C C U - ___Least Tern*
O U O R ___Bridled Tern (OS)
R R R - ___Sooty Tern (OS)
R O O - ___Black Tern
C C C C ___Black Skimmer*
DOVES
C C C C ___Rock Dove*
C C C C ___Eurasian Collared-Dove*
C C C C ___Mourning Dove*
Accid’l ___White-winged Dove
U U U U ___Common Ground-Dove*
PARROT
O O O O ___Monk Parakeet*
CUCKOOS, ANI
R - R - ___Black-billed Cuckoo
O R O - ___Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Accid’l ___Smooth-billed Ani
S S F W


OWLS
S S F W
O O O O ___Barn Owl*
U U U U ___Eastern Screech-Owl*
O O O O ___Great Horned Owl*
O O O O ___Barred Owl*
R R R R ___Burrowing Owl*
- - - R ___Short-eared Owl
NIGHTHAWKS, NIGHTJARS
U C U - ___Common Nighthawk*
Accid’l ___Antillean Nighthawk
C C O R ___Chuck-will’s-widow*
O - O R ___Whip-poor-will
SWIFT, HUMMINGBIRDS
C C U - ___Chimney Swift*
Accid’l ___Buff-bellied Hummingbird
O O O R ___Ruby-thr. Hummingbird*
Accid’l ___Black-chinned Hummingbird
Accid’l ___Rufous Hummingbird
KINGFISHER
C R C C ___Belted Kingfisher*
WOODPECKERS
R R R R ___Red-headed Woodpecker*
C C C C ___Red-bellied Woodpecker*
O - O U ___Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
C C C C ___Downy Woodpecker*
O O O O ___Hairy Woodpecker*
R R R R ___Red-cockaded Woodpecker*
U U U U ___Northern Flicker*
U U U U ___Pileated Woodpecker*
PASSERINES
Flycatchers
R - O - ___Eastern Wood-Pewee
R - O - ___Acadian Flycatcher
Accid’l ___Alder Flycatcher
O - U U ___Eastern Phoebe
Accid’l ___Ash-throated Flycatcher
U U O R ___Great Crested Flycatcher*
- - R R ___Western Kingbird
U U U - ___Eastern Kingbird*
O O O - ___Gray Kingbird*
Accid’l ___Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
Shrike
U U U U ___Loggerhead Shrike*
Vireos
U U U U ___White-eyed Vireo*
O - O R ___Yellow-throated Vireo
O - O U ___Blue-headed Vireo
Accid’l ___Warbling Vireo
- - R
___Philadelphia Vireo
U O U R ___Red-eyed Vireo*
R R R - ___Black-whiskered Vireo*
S S F W
Jays, Crows
S S F W
C C C C ___Blue Jay*
U U U U ___Florida Scrub-Jay*
O O O O ___American Crow*
C C C C ___Fish Crow*
Lark
Accid’l ___Horned Lark
Swallows
U U R - ___Purple Martin*
C R C C ___Tree Swallow
O R O R ___N. Rough-winged Swallow*
R R O - ___Bank Swallow
R R R - ___Cliff Swallow
C O C R ___Barn Swallow
Chickadee, Titmouse, Nuthatch
R R R R ___Carolina Chickadee*
O O O O ___Tufted Titmouse*
O O O O ___Brown-headed Nuthatch*
Wrens
C C C C ___Carolina Wren*
U - C C ___House Wren
O - O O ___Sedge Wren
O - O O ___Marsh Wren
Kinglets, Gnatcatcher
Accid’l ___Golden-crowned Kinglet
O - U U ___Ruby-crowned Kinglet
U R U U ___Blue-gray Gnatcatcher*
Thrushes
R R R R ___Eastern Bluebird*
O - O - ___Veery
R - R - ___Gray-cheeked Thrush
Unknown ___Bicknell’s Thrush
O - O R ___Swainson’s Thrush
O - O R ___Hermit Thrush
R - R - ___Wood Thrush
U - U C ___American Robin
Mimics
C - C C ___Gray Catbird
C C C C ___Northern Mockingbird*
O O O O ___Brown Thrasher*
Starling
C C C C ___European Starling*
Pipit
R - R R ___American Pipit
Waxwing
U - O U ___Cedar Waxwing
S S F W


Wood Warblers
S S F W
R - R - ___Blue-winged Warbler
R - R - ___Golden-winged Warbler
S S F W
R - O - ___Tennessee Warbler
O - O O ___Orange-crowned Warbler
R - R - ___Nashville Warbler
C O C O ___Northern Parula*
O R O R ___Yellow Warbler
- - O - ___Chestnut-sided Warbler
O - O - ___Magnolia Warbler
U - O - ___Cape May Warbler
C - C R ___Black-thr. Blue Warbler
U - C C ___Yellow-rumped Warbler
R - O R ___Black-thr. Green Warbler
R - O - ___Blackburnian Warbler
O - U O ___Yellow-throated Warbler
U O U O ___Pine Warbler*
C U C O ___Prairie Warbler*
C - C C ___Palm Warbler
R - O R ___Bay-breasted Warbler
C - O - ___Blackpoll Warbler
R - R - ___Cerulean Warbler
C - C O ___Black-and-white Warbler
C - C R ___American Redstart
O - O - ___Prothonotary Warbler
U - U - ___Worm-eating Warbler
R - R - ___Swainson’s Warbler
C - U O ___Ovenbird
O - O R ___Northern Waterthrush
O - O - ___Louisiana Waterthrush
R - R - ___Kentucky Warbler
R - - - ___Connecticut Warbler
Accid’l ___Mourning Warbler
C O C C ___Common Yellowthroat*
O - O - ___Hooded Warbler
R - R - ___Wilson’s Warbler
R - R - ___Canada Warbler
R - R - ___Yellow-breasted Chat*
Tanagers
O - O - ___Scarlet Tanager
O O O - ___Summer Tanager*
Towhee, Sparrows
C C C C ___Eastern Towhee*
O O O O ___Bachman’s Sparrow*
U - C C ___Chipping Sparrow
- - R R ___Clay-colored Sparrow
R - R R ___Field Sparrow
R - O O ___Vesper Sparrow
Accid’l ___Lark Sparrow
C - C C ___Savannah Sparrow
- - R R ___Seaside Sparrow
Unknown ___Nelson’s Sharp-tailed Sp.
O - O O ___Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sp.
Accid’l ___Le Conte’s Sparrow
Accid’l ___Henslow’s Sparrow
R - O O ___Grasshopper Sparrow
- - R R ___Fox Sparrow
S S F W
S S F W
O - O O ___Song Sparrow
- - R R ___Lincoln’s Sparrow
O - U U ___Swamp Sparrow
R - R R ___White-crowned Sparrow
S S F W
- - R R ___White-throated Sparrow
Accid’l ___Dark-eyed Junco
Accid’l ___Lapland Longspur
Accid’l ___Snow Bunting
Grosbeaks
C C C C ___Northern Cardinal*
O - O - ___Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Accid’l ___Black-headed Grosbeak
O R O R ___Blue Grosbeak*
O O O O ___Indigo Bunting*
O O O O ___Painted Bunting*
R - R R ___Dickcissel
Bobolink, Blackbirds, Grackles, Cowbirds, Orioles
O - O - ___Bobolink
C C C C ___Red-winged Blackbird*
C C C C ___Eastern Meadowlark*
Accid’l ___Yellow-headed Blackbird
R - R R ___Rusty Blackbird
- - - R ___Brewer’s Blackbird
C C C C ___Common Grackle*
C C C C ___Boat-tailed Grackle*
Accid’l ___Shiny Cowbird
Accid’l ___Bronzed Cowbird
U O C C ___Brown-headed Cowbird*
R - R - ___Orchard Oriole
- - R R ___Bullock’s Oriole
O - O R ___Baltimore Oriole
Finches
- - - R ___Purple Finch
Accid’l ___House Finch
- - - R ___Pine Siskin
O - C C ___American Goldfinch
Old World Sparrow
C C C C ___House Sparrow*
S S F W

EXOTICS
The following introduced or escaped
species are known to currently nest
in Brevard County.

Muscovy Duck
Green Parakeet
Blue-crowned Parakeet


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